What is Triple Entete
It simply means “friendship, mutual understanding, agreement.” It is an informal mutual understanding between the Russian Empire, the third republic of France “Great Britain”. It was built in 1894 by the Franco-Russian alliance, in 1904 by the Entente Cordial in Paris and London և in 1907. On the Anglo-Russian Entente. It created a powerful counterbalance to the German-Austro-Hungarian-Italian Triple Alliance. The Triple Entente was not a mutual defence alliance, unlike the Triple Alliance or the Franco-Russian Alliance itself.
On May 20, 1882, Germany signed a Triple Alliance with Italy and Austria-Hungary. Germany was rapidly becoming the dominant socio-economic power in Europe, which caused serious concern to Britain, France and Russia.
Although the three powers did not really ally until World War I, they moved to the “Entente” on August 31, 1907.
The three-nation bloc, supplemented by additional agreements with Japan and Portugal, was a powerful counterbalance to the Triple Alliance.
The fluidity of those allegiances must be emphasized. For example, Italy did not join Germany-Austria during the war, and instead, in 1915, joined the Treaty of London.
Britain operated under a policy of “superb isolation” during the 1890s, but as the threat of German expansionism became more apparent, Britain began to look for allies.
Although in the 19th century Britain considered France և Russia’s hostile և dangerous enemies, the rise of German military power changed the policy towards France and Russia if not perception.
Gradually, Britain began to equate itself with France and Russia.
Entente Cordiale resolved spheres of influence in North Africa in 1904, and subsequent Moroccan crises also encouraged Anglo-French solidarity against the perceived threat of German expansionism.
Britain was concerned about the dangers posed by German imperialism to its empire. Germany began building the Kaiserlice Marine (Imperial Navy), and the British navy felt threatened by that development.
In 1907, the Anglo-Russian Entente agreed to try to resolve the long-running dispute between Persia and Afghanistan over Tibet, to help resolve British fears over the Baghdad railway, and to help expand the Germans in the Middle East.
France was defeated by Germany in 1871. In the Franco-Prussian War. During the post-war settlement, Germany separated Alsace-Lorraine from France, a humiliation that France had not forgotten.
France also feared German colonial expansion, which posed a threat to the French colonies in Africa.
In order to carry out its racist aspirations, it sought allies, allegiance to Russia could pose a threat of bilateral war to Germany, and deterred from advancing.
Russia, in turn, sought support in the Balkans against Austria-Hungary.
Germany, which had previously signed treaties with Russia, believed that autocratic Russia գաղափար the ideological difference between democratic France would keep the two countries apart,, therefore allowed the Russian-German reinsurance treaty to be cancelled in 1890.
This undermined the system of alliances that Bismarck had established to prevent war on both fronts.
Russia was formerly a member of the League of Three Emperors, an alliance in 1873 with Austria-Hungary and Germany. The alliance was part of German Chancellor Otto von Bismarck’s French diplomatic isolation program.
This league proved to be unstable due to the hidden tension between the Russians and the Austro-Hungarians.